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BE A BETTER ATHLETE – LEARN HOW

BE A BETTER ATHLETE – LEARN HOW

To maximize sports performance, training should focus, among other, into improvements of the body’s metabolic processes. This will eventually enable the athlete to perform at increasingly higher stress levels. This adaptation to higher stress levels is affected by the following factors:

  • Increase in the fuel available to the intramuscular energy sources (creatine phosphate for the ATP-CP and glycogen for glycolysis)
  • Increase in the activity of the enzymes participating in the production and utilization of energy sources
  • Increase in the levels of tolerance to the by-products of metabolism (lactic acid), which is a cause of reduced energy and shut down the neuromuscular system
  • Increase in VO2max, and density of mitochondria

Training for adaptation of metabolism for sprinting (or speed related sports) should therefore result in the improvement of:

  • Anaerobic alactate power (ability to maximize ATP-CP reactions)
  • Anaerobic lactate power ((ability to maximize glycolytical reactions within the critical time of glycolysis 35-50sec)
  • Anaerobic lactate capacity (ability to gradually utilize muscle glycogen through glycolysis and contain in the muscles and blood above the critical levels (16-18mM/l) the lactic acid produced by glycolysis)
  • Aerobic power / power of recovery (ability to cleanse the muscles and blood of lactic acid through oxidative metabolism and blood transport)
  • Aerobic capacity (increase the amount of glycogen and working fat in muscle cells)

to be continued…